Cystoscopy is a procedure used to visualize the urethra, bladder, and the openings to the ureters.
If a patient is having problems related to the urinary tract, such as difficulty urinating, urinary retention, pain, suspicious bleeding, chronic infections, or possible cancer, a cystoscopy may be used to help diagnose the problem.
A lighted, narrow scope is inserted into the urethra to allow the practitioner to examine the urinary tract.
If needed, the bladder can be washed, minor conditions can be treated, or biopsies taken.
A urine specimen may also be obtained from the bladder.
There are many reasons a healthcare provider may choose to perform a cystoscopy. Anyone experiencing problems with the urinary tract may be a candidate.
A patient with frequent urinary tract infections (UTI) may have an underlying cause that needs to be investigated.
The cystoscope can help visualize the urinary tract to see if a tumor or canceris present. Bladder stones or polyps could also be discovered.
During a scope, males with difficulty urinating may learn their prostate gland is narrowing or blocking the urethra. Other possibilities include congenital abnormalities or injury.
A cystoscopy may also be performed after gynecological surgeries to confirm placement of support devices and sutures.
After the Procedure
Antibiotics should be taken to help prevent infection. An over-the-counter pain reliever may help relieve any discomfort from the procedure. A slight burn or irritation when urinating may occur for a few days. There may also be a small amount of blood in the urine. The patient should monitor themselves for signs of infection, such as fever, chills, low back pain, frequency, and urgency. If urinating becomes difficult, the doctor should be contacted right away.